Tenth Diaspora Development Dialogue
For the first time, intergovernmental negotiations are taking place at the United Nations on the framework for global migration governance in the form of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration [GCM]. As expected for such a milestone framework, some topics have been controversial, nevertheless, from early on, there has been a consensus on the importance of the diaspora contribution both in countries of origin and countries of destination. Indeed, objective 19 of the GCM aims to “Create conditions for migrants and diasporas to fully contribute to sustainable development in all countries” , and enumerates a number of actions that are “instrumental”. Moreover, the GCM foresees to “implement the Global Compact in cooperation and partnership with migrants, civil society, migrant and diaspora organizations, faith-based organizations, cities and local communities, the private sector, trade unions, parliamentarians, National Human Rights Institutions, the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, academia, the media and other relevant stakeholders” (no. 44, section on Implementation).
In addition to being fully aligned with the content and concerns of the GCM, the event will capitalise on the fact that GFMD Co-Chair Morocco has, since the 90s, put in place strategies to harness the contribution of its diaspora to its development plans. Having established a Delegate Ministry to the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation in Charge of Moroccans Living Abroad and Migration Affairs [MDCMREAM], Morocco is an example of good practice in the implementation of comprehensive migration policies that encompass reaching out to its diaspora as well as supporting African Diasporas in Morocco. The Tenth Diaspora Development Dialogue [DDD10] will highlight examples of African government and diaspora best practices to capitalise not only on remittances but also on the social capital, networks, investments, innovation and skills for the development.
Overview and aims:
The aim of the Tenth Diaspora Development Dialogue [DDD10] is to facilitate exchanges between African diaspora in Europe and key stakeholders from the intra-African diaspora, governments, various institutions and civil society in Africa and Europe.
The theme: ‘The role of the African diaspora as catalyst for sustainable development in the implementation of the Global Compact for Migration’ aims at examining:
– The positive contribution of the African diaspora to sustainable development in countries of destination and origin focusing on Moroccan diaspora engagement as a case study of best practice;
– How to foster regional integration on migration and development: lessons learnt from cooperation between Senegal, Cote d’Ivoire, Mali and Morocco;
– How to strengthen the effectiveness of diaspora engagement at policy level in countries of destination and origin;
– The possible means to equip the diaspora enabling them to support implementation, follow-up and review of the GCM.
DDD10 is a high-level event involving participants from regional institutions (EU, AU, ACP, ECOWAS), representatives from national and regional diaspora and migrant platforms, ambassadors, senior government civil servants and officials. The DDD 10 will gather 200 participants during the Dialogue Day (8 December) and will provide a learning and exchange of practice platform to 60 participants equally split between delegates from the African diaspora and the African continent during the Workshop Day (9 December).
– Increased lessons and best practice sharing and an amplified awareness of the diaspora positive contribution to sustainable development in countries of origin and destination;
– Strengthening of relationship and an increased level of cooperation between diaspora and relevant development actors, institutions and stakeholders;
– Increased level of diaspora knowledge of the GCM framework and increased capacity in advocacy for the GCM implementation and monitoring.
Delegate Ministry to the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation in Charge of Moroccans Living Abroad and Migration Affairs [MDCMREAM]
The Delegate Ministry to the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation in Charge of Moroccans Living Abroad and Migration Affairs is responsible for developing and implementing the National Strategy of Moroccans Leaving Abroad and Migrants Living in Morocco (NSMLAMLM). The Strategy is structured around three strategic axes:
– The preservation of the identity of Moroccans of the World ;
– The protection of the rights and interests of Moroccans of the World ;
– The contribution of Moroccans of the World to the development of Morocco ;
The National Immigration and Asylum Strategy (NIAS) aims at ensuring a better integration of migrants and a better management of migratory flows within the framework of a coherent, global, humanistic and responsible policy. Four objectives are assigned to this National Immigration and Asylum Strategy:
– Management of migratory flows with respect for human rights ;
– Establishment of an adapted institutional framework ;
– Facilitating the integration of migrants ;
– Upgrading the regulatory framework on migration and asylum.
DEUTSCHE GESELLSCHAFT FÜR INTERNATIONALE ZUSAMMENARBEIT Gmbh [GIZ]
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ) is a service provider in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development and international education work with over 50 years of experience in a wide variety of areas, including economic development and employment promotion, energy and the environment, peace and security. The diverse expertise of this federal enterprise is in demand around the globe – from the German Government, European Union institutions, the United Nations, the private sector and governments of other countries. The GIZ works with businesses, civil society actors and research institutions, fostering successful interactions between development policy and other policy fields and areas of activity. The main commissioning party of the GIZ is the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development [BMZ].
Strengthening moroccan local authorities in improving migrant reception structures[RECOSA] is a project of the GIZ Morocco. The project aims to support the Delegate Ministry to the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation in Charge of Moroccans Living Abroad and Migration Affairs [MDCMREAM] as well as moroccan municipalities in improving the framework conditions for implementing the new migration policy at both national and local level. The goal of the project is to develop a welcoming culture for migrants and refugees as well as returning moroccan nationals. A South-South cooperation with Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Senegal will complete the activities.
Forum des Organisations de Solidarité Internationale issues des Migrations [FORIM]
French national platform that brings together networks, federations and groups of International solidarity organisations from immigration [OSIM], involved into the integration actions here and into the development actions in the countries of origin. FORIM represents around 1000 associations operating in the sub-saharan Africa, the Maghreb, the south east Asia, the Caribbean and the Indian Ocean. It features the will of its members to associate with all the components of french civil society in order to encourage the integration of populations from international migration, to strengthen exchanges between France and the countries of origin and to contribute to the development of their regions of origin.
Council of the Moroccan Community Living Abroad [CCME]
National Consultative and Prospective Institution encouraged by His Majesty King Mohammed VI, the Council of the Moroccan Community Living Abroad [CCME] was created by Dahir in December 2007 and constitutionalised on the occasion of the constitutional reform approved by the referendum of July 1, 2011. The CCME is responsible for the monitoring and evaluation of public policies. It is also responsible for issuing opinions with a view to ensuring the defense of interests of Moroccans Living Abroad to strengthen their contribution to the development of economic, social and human rights of the country and consolidate the relations of friendship and cooperation between Morocco and the countries of residence.
The DDD10 is organised in the framework of the Global Forum on Migration and Development [GFMD] and the Intergovernmental Conference to Adopt the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration [GCM].
Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration [GCM]
On 19 September 2016, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants, through which its Member States committed themselves to developing a global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration. The development of the Global Compact on Migration presents the international community with a watershed opportunity to make a crucial contribution to global migration governance. It is expected to provide a unifying framework of common principles, commitments and understandings amongst Member States on all aspects of international migration, including the humanitarian, development and human rights-related dimensions. While States retain the sovereign discretion to determine which non-nationals may enter and stay in their territories, consistent with the requirements of international law, there is great scope for improving international cooperation on migration.
The Global Compact presents an historical opportunity for achieving a world in which migrants move as a matter of choice rather than necessity, through safe, orderly and regular channels, and in which migration is well governed and able to act as a positive force for individuals, societies and States.
For more information on GCM: https://refugeesmigrants.un.org/migration-compact; For more information on GCR: https://refugeesmigrants.un.org/refugees-compact
Intergovernmental Conference to Adopt the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration
The Conference takes place in Marrakech, Morocco on the 10th and 11th of December, 2018. It is convened under the auspices of the United Nations General Assembly and is held pursuant to resolution 71/1 of 19 September 2016, entitled “New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants,” which decided to launch a process of intergovernmental negotiations leading to the adoption of the Global Compact for Migration. The modalities for the Conference were further elaborated in resolutions 71/280 of 6 April 2017, 72/244 of 24 December 2017 and 72/L.67 of 31 July 2018.
For more information: http://www.un.org/en/conf/migration/
Global Forum on Migration and Development [GFMD]
The Global Forum on Migration and Development [GFMD] is a recent initiative of the United Nations Member States to address the migration and development interconnections in practical and action-oriented ways. It is an informal, non-binding, voluntary and government-led process that marks the culmination of more than a decade of international dialogue on the growing importance of the linkages between migration and development. It reflects the progressive acknowledgement of the limits of a strictly national approach to migration questions and implications at global level in an intergovernmental framework.
The Eleventh GFMD Summit Meeting “Honouring International Commitments to Unlock the Potential of all Migrants for Development” is held on 5-7 December 2018 organised by the Government of the Kingdom of Morocco and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany, in their capacity as 2017-2018 Co-Chairs of the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD).
For more information on GFMD: https://gfmd.org/